Administration of Burma, State Law and Order Restoration Council

   / State Peace and Development Council Era
   (1988- )
   After the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) was established on September 18, 1988, Burma's administrative system came under the control of a martial law regime. The Constitution of 1974 was suspended and People's Councils and the Burma Socialist Programme Party were abolished. The situation was similar to the suspension of the Constitution of 1947 following establishment of the Revolutionary Council in March 1962. On the national level, the chairman of the SLORC (known as the State Peace and Development Council [SPDC] after 1997) served concurrently as prime minister and head of the government's functionally specific, cabinet-level agencies (although a military leader different from the chairman of the SPDC, Senior General Than Shwe, was appointed prime minister in 2003). On the regional and local levels, state, division, township, and ward/village tract "Law and Order Restoration Councils (LORCs)" composed of military officers directed governmental functions. With the reorganization of the SLORC as the SPDC in November 1997, the names of these bodies were changed to state/division, township, and ward/village tract "Peace and Development Councils." According to some observers, the original three-tiered structure of regional and local administration has been modified with the insertion of an additional level, "Township Circle" or district PDCs, between the state/division and township levels. Military control is pervasive, and there is some evidence that the authority of the central government has been weakened by the augmented powers of generals in charge of the Regional Military Commands. In addition, cease-fire groups in the ethnic minority areas often enjoy significant autonomy, including their own armed forces.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

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